What are Cataracts

Cataracts in simple terms, is the clouding of your natural lens that sits behind your pupil and iris.  This condition effects nearly 20 million Americans and that number is expected to rise by 2020.  

What causes cataracts?

  • Ultraviolet radiation from sunlight and other sources

  • Diabetes

  • Hypertension

  • Obesity

  • Smoking

  • Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications

  • Statin medicines used to reduce cholesterol

  • Previous eye injury or inflammation

  • Previous eye surgery

  • Hormone replacement therapy

  • Significant alcohol consumption

  • High myopia

  • Family history

Can you prevent cataracts?

There are some steps you can take to slow down the progression of cataracts. 

  • Wear sunglasses when ever you are outside.

  • Eat a balanced diet, especially fruits and vegetables.

  • Take a supplement or eat foods rich in vitamin  E, lutein,and zeaxanthin.


There have been some large studies lately that stated people who ate foods rich in vitamin E, lutein,and zeaxanthin had a lesser risk of developing cataracts. 

Patients over the age of 40 should have an eye exam every year and have any eye issues including Cataracts monitored. 

Treatments for Cataracts

  • Eye Glasses. Many patients at first can get away with new glasses, strong progressives/bifocals, magnifiers, or other visual aids.

  • Cataract Surgery. This is the most successful procedure to get rid of cataracts.  9 out of 10 patients have better vision after surgery.  Cataract surgery breaks up the clouded lens and the surgeon replaces your old lens with a new IOL ( intraocular lens).  Some patients may choose to be fit with a premium IOL lens, which gives the best chance of not having to wear glasses after cataract surgery. 

Make sure you talk to our staff about Cataract Surgery and have them explain your options.  There are different types of surgery options and different types of lens you can get.  After Cataract Surgery make sure you ask our opticians about sunglasses and anti reflective coatings.  


Call 914-277-5550 If you have symptoms of Cataracts.  Make an appointment today!


Cataracts are a very common medical condition, especially among older adults.  Treatments and options vary from patient to patient.  Our staff at Somers Eye Center is here to help you make the right decisions to get you back to clearer sight.